Daily maintenance cleaning and mopping
Parquet floors - regardless of surface finish - that get frequent foot
traffic, must be cleaned daily. The dirt carried inside the building
on shoe soles acts like sand, clearly stressing and abrading the
floor. Adequately large dirt sluices in the foyer can keep much
dirt away and thus reduce its negative mechanical effects. Mostly,
however, such sluices are too small to remove dirt from shoe soles.
For daily maintenance cleaning, a neutral cleaner should be used.
The special feature of these cleaners is that they contain no care
elements and thus do not contribute to fixating the dirt and other
soiling on the floor. Wiping or soaping is increasingly used as
well. An advantage of modern systems is that by professional
the protective film is continually replaced so that dirt
has no chance to firmly adhere to the surface. Soap or polymeric
systems, in contrast, can build up layers over time and affix dirt
to surfaces, which results in an unsightly appearance.
It is generally recommended to separate cleaning and maintenance
if floors are very dirty as this is the best method of surface
and retains the floor’s appearance longer. Tip: The twostage
cleaning process (damp pre-wiping and dry post-wiping)
generally achieves the best cleaning results. Post-wiping with a
dry mop cover takes up residual dirt and minimizes the risk of
damage from too much moisture on the parquet.
Impregnating oils and their properties
Two types of impregnating oils are used: natural oils like
or soy oil, and chemically modified oils. Depending on
these oils may also be diluted with mineral
spirits to improve penetration in the wood surface. This leads to
increased use of solvents during processing, however, and thus to
more environmental pollution. There are now water-based systems
on the market that use no solvents at all. After processing, these
oils harden chemically. For oils to chemically harden, sufficient
fresh air is needed, i.e. adequate room ventilation. Sunlight and a
high room temperature – the optimum is between 20–22 degrees
Celsius – accelerates the chemical reaction. Oxygen from the air
bound; the oil chains can link to generate a stable
system. This reaction is time-consuming; depending on the
and type of oil, the curing process may take from
several days to several weeks.
Impregnating oils have a rich color. Oxidative hardening of the oil
results in high resistance to chemicals and liquids. In addition,
hardening oils are more stable when they are under massive stress
and subjected to high foot traffic. Impregnated surfaces
shine because the maintenance goes into the pores. Impregnation
preserves the natural appearance of the wood surface and
equips it for the demands placed on oiled wood
surfaces in commercial objects. Impregnating oils protect wood
from graying and facilitate cleaning by closing its pores.
New, freshly oiled surfaces must be regularly re-oiled at the
to saturate the wood. If this is not accomplished, the
surfaces tend to gray quickly and pick up even more dirt because it
GLOBAL CLEANING | ISSUE 2018
The Holzmann Medienshop –
expert knowledge for medium-sized
enterprises and crafters.
know-how for your