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Global Cleaning 2014

| MAIN TOPIC | FLOORING PVC or Linoleum? Find out in a few seconds with a heated copper paper A slowly rotating single disk scrubber with a green pad for applying the clip. stripping solution. Photos: Kärcher Elastic floor coverings – cleaning and care Elastic coverings are on a roll Professional cleaning and care is key to maintaining the durability of floor coverings. It is also one of the core tasks when it comes to cleaning buildings. And that includes basic cleaning and stripping of elastic floorings, which call for different methods. The differences reside in the different types of equipment, the ways it is used, and in the time requirements. PVC and linoleum are no doubt among the most common detergents that are too alkaline or from abrasive cleaning pads types of flooring. PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a synthetic, elastic during basic cleaning or stripping, it is recommended to first apply covering that is not only highly resistant to mechanical stress, but the paper clip test. This is how it works: take a copper paper clip, also to water, alkalis and acids. Li noleum, on the other hand, is a bend it straight, heat the tip for about five seconds, and then drive natural product made from linseed oil, cork and a jute substrate – the tip into the flooring for three seconds. Then gently pull out and is only somewhat resistant to alkaline. the paper clip. Elastomer-based floorings are considered to be the top per- If the flooring is PVC, you will see a small hole that most probably formers among elastic flooring systems. They are exceptionally goes all the way to the flooring base. You will see a welt along the durable and flame-resistant. They also maintain their elasticity rim, like a crater, from the molten plastic. It hardens quickly and over time, absorb sound, prevent slipping, are antistatic, and you will easily feel the edge by running your finger tip over it. You maintain their shape and size. Elastomer coverings today are will also have noticed a filament of plastic stuck to the paper clip primarily made from industrial or natural rubber, minerals (e.g. when you pulled it out. silica), color pigments, anti-aging agents and various additives If it’s linoleum, the hole will show some scorching but the open- that are mixed in during the manufacturing process. The final ing should be smooth – no crater or edge. With an elastomer-based vulcanization stage ensures a material that is abrasion and vapor floor, the flooring doesn’t melt at the surface. What you get is a resistant. small hole without a crater and you will detect a smell that is typ- What all elastic floorings have in common is that they can be ical of rubber. supplied on rolls or as tiles in a homogenous or heterogenous finish, with a smooth or textured surface. At first glance, coloring Basic cleaning, step-by-step and texture often give no indication as to the differences between If the floor has just been laid as part of a construction project, it the three types of flooring. To prevent damage to the flooring from may be necessary to first remove cement or paint residues with a 22 GLOBAL CLEANING | April 2014  


Global Cleaning 2014
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